TANK PLATOON ARTEP TASKS (ARTEP 17-237-10-MTP)

CONDUCT TACTICAL MOVEMENT

CONDITION: While conducting tactical operations either independently or as part of a company team or cavalry troop, the platoon receives an OPORD/FRAGO directing it to conduct tactical movement. The order includes graphic control measures for movement. It may or may not specify the route or axis of advance, the technique of movement, and/or the formation to be used. Enemy contact may or may not be expected during movement.

TASK STANDARD: The platoon moves on the route or axis of advance specified in the OPORD/FRAGO. It uses formations and techniques of movement as specified in the order, the commander's guidance, and/or unit SOP. As necessary, the platoon adjusts the route/axis, formation, and/or movement technique in response to the changing probability of enemy contact and/or to changes in the tactical situation (METT-T factors). It maintains movement security at all times.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES:

1. Platoon leader/PSG conducts troop-leading procedures as thoroughly as the tactical situation permits, with emphasis on the following planning considerations:

a. Develops a thorough mission analysis, focusing on METT-T factors.

b. Conducts reconnaissance and develops a movement plan as time permits.

c. Initiates movement to designated route of axis of advance as required to support the plan.

2. Platoon leader determines appropriate movement route, technique, and formation based on mission analysis and reconnaissance.

a. Selects movement route that provides adequate cover and concealment (unless the route is designated in the OPORD/FRAGO).

b. Selects technique of movement based on METT-T (unless the movement technique is specified in the OPORD/FRAGO).

1. Selects traveling technique when speed is necessary, but contact with the enemy is not likely.

OR

2. Selects traveling overwatch technique when speed is necessary and contact with the enemy is possible.

OR

3. Selects bounding overwatch technique when contact with the enemy is expected or when crossing an open area in which the enemy may have unobstructed fields of observation and fire (danger area).

a. Selects alternate bounding when a secure, but more rapid, advance is required.

b. Selects successive bounding method when maximum security and ease of control are required.

c. Selects movement formation based on METT-T (unless the formation was specified in the OPORD/FRAGO or by unit SOP).

1. Selects column formation when speed is critical, when the platoon is moving through restrictive terrain on a specified route, and/or when enemy contact is not likely.

OR

2. Selects staggered column formation when speed is critical, when there is limited area for lateral dispersion, and/or when enemy contact is not likely.

OR

3. Selects wedge formation when the platoon is provided with overwatch by another element and is moving in open rolling terrain.

OR

4. Selects vee formation when terrain restricts movement or when overwatch within the platoon is required.

OR

5. Selects echelon formation when the platoon is required to provide a screen on an exposed flank of a larger moving force.

OR

6. Selects line formation when the platoon is required to cross danger areas and is provided with overwatch by another element or when the platoon assaults enemy positions.

3. Platoon leader briefs platoon and directs movement on the selected route using the selected technique of movement and formation.

a. Briefs TCs thoroughly on march route, movement technique, and formation (and specifies use of waypoints and/or POSNAV to assist in navigation, if applicable).

b. Uses correct visual signal and/or voice command on FM radio to initiate movement technique and/or formation.

OR

c. Uses graphic control measures or other cue to initiate movement technique and/or formation.

4. Platoon executes technique of movement as designated by platoon leader.

a. As ordered, employs traveling technique of movement.

1. Assumes correct order of march as direct by the platoon leader.

2. Moves continuously as one unit, with one element trailing the other.

3. Maintains interval and dispersion between vehicles as terrain and weather permit.

4. Uses terrain driving techniques by individual vehicles to reduce exposure.

5. Maintains visual contact between lead and trail element.

6. As much as possible, maintains team integrity and organizes the formation for ease of deployment during the upcoming mission (platoon leader/PSG).

7. Maintains areas of responsibility for observation and fire to ensure 360-degree security (TCs).

b. As ordered, employs traveling overwatch technique of movement.

1. Assumes positions as lead (bounding) and trail (overwatch) elements as designated by platoon leader.

2. Lead element moves continuously as the trail element halts periodically at good vantage points to provide overwatch/support by fire for the lead element.

3. Uses terrain driving techniques by individual vehicles to reduce exposure.

4. Maintains command and control of the platoon, using hand-and-arm signals or FM communications as the terrain allows (platoon leader/PSG).

5. Maintains 360-degree security for all vehicles (TCs).

c. As ordered, employs bounding overwatch technique of movement. (NOTE: The platoon will use either the alternate or successive bounding method, either as designated by the platoon leader or as specified in the OPORD. The platoon leader designates the bounding and overwatch elements.)

1. Assumes positions as lead (bounding) and trail (overwatch) elements as designated by platoon leader.

2. If the platoon uses alternate bounds, it executes the following actions:

a. The designated overwatch element (Section A in this example) occupies firing positions that afford optimum fields of observation and fire and provides overwatch/support by fire for the bounding element (Section B in this example).

b. Once Section A reports "SET," Section B begins its bound past Section A, taking care not to obstruct the overwatch element's fields of observation and fire (in accordance with METT-T factors).

c. Section B occupies an overwatch position within observation range of Section A.

d. Once Section B reports "SET," Section A begins its bound past Section B, taking care not to obstruct fields of observation and fire (in accordance with METT-T factors).

e. Section A occupies an overwatch position within observation range of Section B.

f. The two elements repeat this sequence of bounding until the platoon comes to a halt or the technique of movement is changed.

3. If the platoon uses successive bounds, it executes the following actions:

a. The designated overwatch element (Section A in this example) occupies firing positions that afford optimum fields of observation and fire and provides overwatch/support by fire for the bounding element (Section B in this example).

b. Once Section A reports "SET," Section B begins its bound forward of Section A's position, taking care not to obstruct the overwatch element's fields of observation and fire (in accordance with METT-T factors).

c. Section B occupies an overwatch position within observation range of Section A.

d. Once Section B reports "SET," Section A begins its bound in the direction of Section B's position.

e. Section A occupies an overwatch position abreast of (and to the left or right of ) Section B, taking care not to obstruct fields of observation and fire (in accordance with METT-T factors).

f. The two elements repeat this sequence of bounding until the platoon comes to a halt or the technique of movement is changed.

5. Platoon moves using the appropriate formation as designated by the platoon leader.

a. Executes column formation.

1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.

2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation.

3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain correct interval and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.

4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide 360-degree movement security (last vehicle orients its weapon systems to the rear if the platoon is the last element in a company team column or is operating independently).

b. Executes staggered column formation.

1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.

2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation, with vehicles staggered on alternate sides of the prescribed route and the trail section positioned to provide overwatch for the lead section as necessary.

3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.

4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide 360-degree movement security (last vehicle orients its weapon systems to the rear if the platoon is the last element in a company team column or is operating independently).

c. Executes wedge formation.

1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.

2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation with the PSG opposite of the platoon leader and the wingmen behind and to the outside of their respective section leaders.

3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.

4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide fires to the front and flanks.

d. Executes vee formation.

1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.

2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation, with the platoon leader's wingman opposite the platoon leader and the PSG and his wingman opposite each other behind and to the inside of the lead section.

3. Platoon leader or PSG, METT-T factors permitting, directs lead section to orient weapon systems in a cross fire configuration to increase standoff.

4. Vehicles maintain positions so that the trail section can monitor the lead section's movement (if lead section masks trail section's fire or moves out of range of its weapon systems, trail section adjusts its position or informs lead section to adjust its position or to slow movement).

5. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.

6. TCs orient weapon systems to provide fires to the front and flanks.

e. Executes echelon formation.

1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.

2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation using the wingman concept, with vehicles forming an echelon left or right behind the lead vehicle.

3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.

4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide fires to the front and in the direction of the echelon.

f. Executes line formation.

1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.

2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation using the wingman concept, with vehicles forming a line abreast of each other (wingman tanks maintain outside positions of the formation).

3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.

4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide fires to the front.

6. Platoon executes herringbone or coil formation when it must establish local security during a halt or on completion of tactical movement.

a. Executes herringbone when the platoon must make a scheduled or unscheduled halt and assume a hasty defense with 360-degree security while remaining postured to resume movement in the direction of travel.

1. Platoon leader or PSG uses graphic control measures or a cue to initiate the formation change.

OR

2. Platoon leader or PSG uses proper voice command or visual signal.

3. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.

4. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles into covered and concealed positions on alternating sides of the route in accordance with METT-T and/or OPORD/FRAGO.

(NOTE: During convoy operations, platoon vehicles move off the route and away from the escorted vehicles to provide early warning and protection for the convoy based on METT-T factors or the convoy commander's guidance.)

5. Platoon leader or PSG directs TCs to orient vehicles outward and maintain proper dispersion in accordance with METT-T and/or OPORD/FRAGO.

6. TCs orient weapon systems outward to maintain 360-degree security. If platoon is operating independently, trail vehicle orients weapon systems to the rear to provide rear security.

7. Vehicles establish/maintain local security.

8. In an unscheduled halt, platoon leader or PSG takes following required actions:

a. Determines cause of the halt.

b. Informs commander of the halt and its cause.

c. Develops course of action.

d. Resumes movement as soon as possible.

9. In a scheduled halt, platoon leader or PSG takes following required actions:

a. Directs maintenance operations.

b. Directs re-supply operations.

b. Executes coil formation when platoon is operating independently and must establish perimeter defense during extended halts or lulls in combat in accordance with METT-T.

1. Platoon leader or PSG uses graphic control measures or a cue to initiate the formation change.

OR

2. Platoon leader or PSG uses proper voice command or visual signal.

3. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.

4. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation as follows:

a. Lead vehicle occupies a covered and concealed position in the direction of travel (12 o'clock).

b. Second vehicle occupies a covered and concealed position at either 3 o'clock or 9 o'clock based on unit SOP.

c. Third vehicle occupies a covered and concealed position opposite of the second vehicle.

d. Trail vehicle occupies a covered and concealed position opposite of the direction of travel (6 o'clock).

5. TCs orient vehicles outward and maintain proper dispersion in accordance with METT-T and/or OPORD/FRAGO.

6. TCs orient weapon systems outward, ensuring overlapping fields of observation and fire.

7. Vehicles establish/maintain local security.

Check here for platoon and concerning formation
The Fastest FTP Client on the Planet, FREE GoFTP Client